What is Neoplastic Disease?
A better understanding of the neoplastic disease, also known as neoplastic disorder, do stem from its definition. The Term generally refers to the nature of the cells characterized by abnormal growth of tissues known as tumor. However, it must be noted that a conclusive definition of the condition is not very easy since the condition presents with different diseases. Understanding neoplasms (an abnormal growth of new tissues in animal and in this case humans) is probably the most direct way to understand the condition.
Causes of Neoplastic Disorders
One category of causes can be discussed under genetic disorders (problems associated with an error in a specific gene) and for that matter hereditary. Another category of causes will be those originating from blood or are being transported by blood or related to blood in away thus the name hematogenic. There are also causes related with the lymphoid. There are also other unknown causes of these disorders and are usually referred to as idiopathic causes.
A part from the major causes of the neoplastic disease, there are also minor ones such as chemical exposure, mutation and immunogenic causes (influenced by an antigen thus are as a result of an immune response, though not appropriately). There are also possible causes of these abnormal tissue growths such as hormone replacement therapy if used for more than five (5) years, UV rays, X rays, Obesity, alcohol, diet rich in red meat and smoking.
Symptoms associated with Neoplastic Disease
The most commonly reported symptom is the abnormal proliferation of cells, a condition known as neoplasm. There is also swelling due to poor circulation of body fluids in some severe cases. Inflammation (redness or pain as a result of a protective reaction to a disease or an injury by the body immune system) is a much reported neoplastic symptom. Finally there may be a kind of lump on the skin or any other body area.
Diagnosis of the disorder
Since the disease is mainly presented with tumor or to be specific the malignant type, Some methods used in the diagnosis of cancer do apply here. Methods like diagnostic imaging where variable pictures of body organs are produced for detection of tumors and other tissue abnormalities with the main types of imaging being transmission e.g. X ray, Reflection imaging e.g. ultrasound and emission imaging e.g Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Another technique can be computed Tomography Scan (CT Scan)
Available Treatment Methods
Apart from the use of pain killers and cytotoxic drugs i.e. Chemotherapy, meaningful treatment has remained to be through stem cell transplant, hormonal therapy, radiation therapy and even surgery. There is also multimodality which is the use of more than one method at the same time in an effort to treat or control neoplastic disease.